Skin abrasions can be caused by insect bites, allergic reactions or more commonly by exposed skin getting further damaged by a rough surface. This results in tearing of the upper layer of the skin. Pain, swelling, bleeding, redness and itching are some of the symptoms associated with skin abrasions. Follow these remedies to treat mild abrasions at home.
Clean the abrasion
Cleanliness is the first step to remove dirt, prevent infection and ensure healing. Wash the abrasion with antiseptic soap and pat dry with a clean cloth. Apply petroleum jelly, antiseptic cream or moisturizing lotion over the area to prevent the skin from getting dry. Now cover it with a bandage or sterile dressing. Do not forget to change the bandage atleast once a day.
Honey is effective in treating wounds as it is antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial in nature. Rub pure honey on the abrasion, apply a bandage over it and leave for an hour. Now remove the bandage and wash with warm water. Doing this thrice a day will also help to avoid scarring.
A daily glass of warm turmeric milk facilitates faster healing and checks infection. Another option is to apply a paste of turmeric powder and water to the affected area. Allow the paste to dry without covering it. Repeat thrice a day until the wound disappears.
The anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and moisturising properties of aloe vera make it an ideal remedy to heal skin abrasions. To use aloe vera effectively take a fresh leaf and extract its inner gel. Spread the gel on the affected area and let it get soaked into the skin. Do this thrice everyday to heal the wound naturally.
Apply extra virgin coconut oil on the affected area to speed up the healing process. Coconut oil forms a thin, protective layer on the abrasion and protects it from dust, bacteria and viruses. Do this twice or thrice a day to promote healing.
Calendula or marigold has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antifungal properties, thereby making it effective in treating wounds. It also has the ability to improve collagen production that helps to repair damaged skin. Get the juice out of a few fresh calendula flowers and apply it on the wound thrice a day. If you are unable to get the flowers, you could also apply calendula cream or lotion.
In addition to speeding up the healing process, the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties in plantain leaves also aid in pain relief and itching. Make a paste out of a few plantain leaves. Spread this paste on the affected area, allow it to dry and rinse with warm water. Do this thrice a day for best results.
Indian lilac, better known as neem, has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties that disinfect the skin and build collagen to promote healing. Apply a paste consisting of a tablespoon of neem leaf juice and half a teaspoon of turmeric powder on the abrasion. Leave it for a couple of hours and rinse off with warm water. Applying neem oil with either olive oil, coconut oil or sweet almond oil is another way to treat abrasions.
Vitamin C helps the immune system to fight off infections and encourage healing. Eat foods rich in vitamin C such as oranges, strawberries, broccoli, tomatoes and red peppers. You could also opt to take vitamin C supplements.
Vitamin E has the potential to prevent scarring in case of deeper abrasions. Apply vitamin E oil on the affected area. Massage and let the oil penetrate into the skin. Repeat this twice a day until the wound disappears. Consuming foods rich in vitamin E like milk, spinach, asparagus, avocados, olives, sunflower seeds and whole grains can also help.
Do not pick or scratch the wounds. Wear clothing that does not rub the affected area.
Do not expose abraded skin to the sun, as it may cause permanent hyperpigmentation.
Do not smoke or consume alcohol, as these can delay the healing process.
While playing sports, wear kneepads, shin guards, gloves and elbow pads.
Wrap an ice cube in a towel and apply on the affected area if there is bruising or swelling.
Consult a doctor if the abrasion doesn’t heal even after 15 days and in case of persistent bleeding or intense pain.